The great barrier reef in Australia
The great barrier reef is a system of coral reefs and Islands, located off the northeast coast of Australia. Great Barrier Reef stretches along the edge of the continental shelf to 2300 km. Its width in the Northern part is approximately 2 km, in the southern part it is equal to 150 kilometers. This is the largest reef system on earth – 340 350 species of corals known in the world here! The majority of the reef is hidden under the water and becomes visible only at low tide. In the result of abrasion-accumulation of influence of the sea many reefs turned into a coral island.
The great barrier reef is about 2,900 reefs of different sizes, around 300 Islands and shoals of fragments of corals and 600 high Islands, surrounded by its own reefs. Its total area exceeds the area of the UK.
Near the Great Barrier reef there are more than 1.5 thousand species of fish. When the quaint coral rush flocks of colorful tropical fish is a real kaleidoscope of colours and patterns. The reef is a breeding ground for humpback whales, often you will see females with cubs. Also is home to killer whales, sword-fish, the whale shark, different species of parrotfish, butterfly fish and eels. The waters of the Great Barrier reef are home to 6 of the 7 existing in the world and endangered species of sea turtles – they need in the wild reef Islands for hatching. Here you can find the most beautiful sea shells in the world, some of them are very large and can weigh 200 kg of the Island is also important for many species of water and sea birds their nests here about 240 species. Among them petrels, frigates, 6 species of terns, fulmars, lopuhi eagle and osprey.
Some Islands are open to tourists. The island lizard and Haman, for example, can be equated to a five-star hotels, and on these Islands, North Mall or Whitsundays you can pitch a tent for a small fee. Having arrived on the island, tourists observe strict rules: under water never touch reefs.
Today the opportunity to admire the underwater world of the Great Barrier reef becomes attractive to people from all over the world. Summer will never end, for the water all year round stays warm and clear. Over the reefs ply pleasure craft from the observation Windows. Bathing at the site of the Great Barrier reef in 30 kilometers from the coast is possible throughout the year.